Trump Will Provide Classified Intelligence to Kremlin

Trump Will Provide Classified Intelligence to Kremlin

Trump Will Provide Classified Intelligence to Kremlin

This is what today’s headlines should read, because it conveys what will actually happen when the U.S. Department of Justice and Department of National Intelligence are forced to comply with the President’s reckless order to declassify and publicly release numerous classified documents in the name of “transparency.” According to a September 17, 2018 press release from the White House, the documents to be declassified will include:

  • Pages 10-12 and 17-34 of the June 2017 application to the FISA court in the matter of Carter W. Page
  • All FBI reports of interviews with Bruce G. Ohr prepared in connection with the Russia investigation
  • All FBI reports of interviews prepared in connection with all Carter Page FISA applications
  • All text messages relating to the Russia investigation, without redaction [blacking out portions of text], of James Comey, Andrew McCabe, Peter Strzok, Lisa Page, and Bruce Ohr

WhiteHousePressRelease-Declassification


 

The backgrounds of the people in question are:

  • Carter Page:
    • American citizen who regularly does business in Russia
    • Lost a large amount of money if Russian investments
    • Came to the attention of the FBI in 2013 when the FBI believed that he was being actively recruited by Russian operatives
    • Became Trump Campaign Foreign Policy Adviser in March 2016
    • Gave pro-Russia speech in Moscow in July 2016
    • Went to Moscow again in December 2016
  • Bruce Ohr
    • High-ranking Department of Justice official with expertise in Russian organized crime
    • Long-time friend of highly regarded Russia expert/former British intelligence officer Christopher Steele; Steele had been contracted to begin investigating Trump’s activities in Russia in mid 2016 by research firm Fusion GPS (the company paid indirectly by the Clinton Campaign to do opposition research into Trump); Steele’s interviews with his trusted sources in Russia resulted in the “Steele dossier”
    • Bruce Ohr and Christopher Steele apparently had conversations after and possibly during the campaign about the information that Steele was uncovering
    • Bruce Ohr’s wife Nellie worked for Fusion GPS on the different aspects of the same Trump project that Steele was hired to work on (see article of this coincidence)
  • James Comey
    • FBI Director during the 2016 Campaign and for the early months of the Trump Administration
    • Fired by President Trump in May 2017, triggering special counsel investigation into Trump for obstruction of justice
  • Andrew McCabe
    • Deputy Director of the FBI during the 2016 Campaign
    • Temporary acting Director of the FBI after James Comey was fired
    • Was found by the DOJ Inspector General’s office to have made unauthorized releases to the media and to have “lacked candor” when asked about it
  • Peter Strzok
    • Former FBI Chief of Counterespionage
    • Led FBI investigation into Hillary Clinton’s use of a private e-mail server
    • Worked for first two months of Mueller investigation into Russian interference in 2016 election
    • Removed from Mueller investigation after Mueller learned of anti-Trump text messages between Strzok and an extramarital mistress, Lisa Page, sent between August 2015 and December 2016
    • Discussed a “media strategy” in texts with Page
  • Lisa Page
    • Former FBI lawyer
    • Briefly served on Mueller investigative team
    • Had affair with FBI officer Peter Strzok

 

There may be validity to initiating a deeper investigation into the actions of some of these individuals and determining whether their personal political biases crept into their professional activities. However, declassifying and releasing these documents to the public is not the appropriate way to do that. The information should instead be evaluated by a special counsel and/or by the courts. Releasing the information publicly will contribute to the legitimacy of an obstruction of justice case against the President and will jeopardize our national security.

When we hear that a government document is being released to the public, we typically envision the public as the average American citizen. In American culture, such transparency with the public is generally considered a good thing. Yet when the government assigns a “classified” label to certain information, there is a reason for that. That reason for classifying the information is usually important and should be bypassed only with thorough consideration of the unintended consequences.

The President’s public release of classified information about an active investigation into himself can provide otherwise unobtainable insights that enable witnesses and accomplices to shape their stories to match the known facts while concealing vital, still undiscovered information. This would be tantamount to obstruction of justice, similar to providing inside police information to a criminal about that criminal’s own case.

Far more alarmingly, however, are the national security implications of the President’s decision. Successful intelligence and law enforcement operations depend on the security of “sources and methods.” This is shorthand for maintaining confidentiality of how information was obtained (disclosure of which would tip off guilty parties and foreign adversaries about, for example, what modes of communication to avoid) and who the information was obtained from (disclosure of which could at best result in those informants and spies no longer being useful sources of information, or could at worst result in those individuals and their families being killed).

In Russia, the mafia and the Kremlin have a symbiotic relationship. What benefit can Russia gain from knowing about the communications between Russian organized crime expert Bruce Ohr and Christopher Steele, who relied on numerous individuals inside Russia to compile his dossier? Which of Steele’s sources might be revealed in the declassified documents? How valuable would the Kremlin find information about how Russia’s election interference activities were first uncovered and how the investigation proceeded from there?

Even if names are redacted, the descriptions of dates and locations can enable a foreign adversary to determine how their activities became compromised, and who compromised them. By rendering certain intelligence sources and methods less useful or even useless, the President is jeopardizing our national security, making it that much harder for our intelligence community to determine what hostile adversaries are up to. He also may be intentionally or unintentionally tipping off Putin on how to cover tracks of Russian election interference activities being investigated by Mueller.

Trump’s decision to publicize valuable, unredacted, classified information is not only a disclosure to the average American: it is a prized treasure trove of information for the Kremlin.

– rob rünt

When the Right Wing Lunatic Fringe isn’t so Crazy

When the Right Wing Lunatic Fringe isn’t so Crazy

When the Right Wing Lunatic Fringe isn’t so Crazy

Many of us have become numb to the nonsensical right wing “Deep State” conspiracy theories being used by Trump and his most rabid supporters to discredit and prematurely end the Mueller investigation: Robert Mueller is a criminal; it was actually Hillary Clinton who colluded with Russia; James Comey was a “Clinton fixer.” So when legitimately questionable information surfaces, many on the left shrug and write it off as more of the same. There are two issues, however, which, if we are being intellectually honest, we need to acknowledge, discuss and come to terms with.

One of those is the role of Bruce and Nellie Ohr in the Trump-Russia case.

In late 2015, the conservative publication Washington Free Beacon, whose owner was believed to be a supporter of Ted Cruz or Marco Rubio, hired research firm Fusion GPS to look into the background of then Presidential candidate Donald Trump. After Trump won the primary in mid 2016, the Beacon understandably stopped paying Fusion to research Trump. However, Perkins Coie, a law firm representing the Clinton Campaign, soon began paying Fusion GPS to continue the research.

By that point, according to Fusion founder Glenn Simpson’s testimonies to the House and Senate, Fusion had compiled enough information to see that the most curious aspects of Trump’s background were related to his potential organized crime connections and his activities in Russia.

To help perform further research into these matters, in mid 2016, Fusion contracted former-British-spy-turned-consultant Christopher Steele, with whom Simpson had worked on previous research projects, who was a top expert on Russia with a reputation for producing accurate information, and who had a number of longtime trusted sources within Russia for gathering his information. Over the next several months, Steele talked with his sources and produced 17 memos for Fusion GPS about Trump-Russia that came to be known as “the Steele dossier.”


 

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According to Simpson, Steele quickly became so alarmed by what he was uncovering – an active plot by Russia to put a Kremlin-compromised President in the Oval Office – that he told Simpson that he considered it his professional duty to contact U.S. law enforcement immediately. Simpson told Steele that he did not know anyone that he could contact. Steele said that he had connected in the past with law enforcement in the U.S. on other cases and would take care of the notification. Steele followed through on this in early July of 2016.

The part of the narrative that becomes questionable is that one person to whom Steele reached out – either in July or later on – appears to have been a longtime acquaintance, Department of Justice official Bruce Ohr. Allegedly without Steele’s awareness, Bruce Ohr’s wife Nellie coincidentally happened to be one of a tiny group of people (countable on one’s fingers) who was also being employed by Fusion GPS to investigate Donald Trump. And Bruce Ohr was allegedly unaware that his wife was doing this work. And Glenn Simpson was apparently unaware of who Nellie Ohr’s husband was. The coincidences and lack of awareness of others’ activities within this small group of people seems remarkable.

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Another issue that is grossly under-reported in the mainstream media is the connection between Fusion GPS and the Trump Tower meeting.

Around 2013, Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya retained U.S. law firm Baker Hostetler to assist her with a money laundering case that the U.S. government had brought against her client, Prevezon Holdings, a company based on the island of Cyprus. (Cyprus is notorious as a place where wealthy Russians launder illegally-obtained money). In Spring of 2014, Baker hired Fusion GPS to do research for the Prevezon case. Fusion’s Prevezon research led to questions about financial dealings of a hedge fund manager named William Browder.

William Browder has a long adversarial history with Vladimir Putin. In the mid 1990s, after the fall of the Soviet Union, an atmosphere of lawlessness pervaded Russia. Wealthy oligarchs took advantage of the situation to dramatically increase their wealth by grabbing up former state-owned assets, and ethically unrestrained entrepreneurs found ways to get rich quickly as well. Browder allegedly made his own fortune by creating a hedge fund, Hermitage Capital, that assured investors that the Russian companies it invested in were uniquely law abiding and therefore less likely to be prone to unpredictable plunges in value.

To offer this assurance, Browder would investigate the companies. If he found wrongdoing, he reported it to the Russian government. This was looked upon favorably by a rising Vladimir Putin, who saw Browder’s investigations as a way to ensure that Russian businesses and oligarchs were not cheating the Russian government out of the tax money that it deserved.

As Putin’s power grew, Putin’s view of Browder’s activities changed sharply. According to Browder, Putin had begun directly taking a percentage of all illicit money “earned” by the Russian mafia and oligarchs, and Browder’s exposure of corruption was getting in the way.

In 2005, Browder was arrested and deported from Russia as a “threat to national security.” Eighteen months later, the Russian Interior Ministry raided the Moscow office of Browder’s company, Hermitage Capital Management, and seized “all the corporate documents connected to the investment holding companies of the funds that [Browder] advised.”

Browder hired attorney Sergei Magnitsky to investigate. Magnitsky determined that the documents were being used to re-register Browder’s holding companies to a convicted murderer named Viktor Markelov, and $230 million in taxes allegedly paid to the Russian government by Browder’s companies had been diverted elsewhere.

When Magnitsky notified the Russian authorities of this crime, he was jailed, where he remained for over a year under increasingly terrible conditions. He was regularly pressured, unsuccessfully, by the Russian government to sign a statement that he had stolen the $230 million from Browder. On November 16, 2009, Magnitsky was chained in an isolated prison cell and beaten to death by eight guards.

To avenge the man who had died on his behalf, Browder pushed the U.S. legislature to enact what eventually became known as the Magnitsky Act, which passed the House and Senate and was signed into law by then President Obama in November of 2012. The Act froze the U.S.-based assets of all Russian oligarchs (and Putin) who were believed to have been responsible for Magnitsky’s death. Russian oligarchs tend to invest their illicit wealth in law-governed countries like the U.S. where the wealth is safer than it would be in Russia.

As part of his retaliation against the U.S. for passing the Magnitsky Act, Putin banned the adoption of Russian orphans by Americans. That is what is being referred to when a Trump claims to have been merely talking with a Russian about “adoption.” Putin wants the Magnitsky Act repealed or weakened so that he can regain access to a large chunk of his wealth.

Natalia Veselnitskaya’s client, Prevezon Holdings was accused by the U.S. Department of Justice of laundering millions of dollars in New York real estate, using money from a $230 million Russian tax fraud scheme. If that number sounds familiar, it is because it is the amount that Browder alleges that he had paid in taxes to the Russian government but which had instead been misappropriated by the Kremlin. Browder was the one who had tipped off the U.S. Department of Justice that Prevezon had laundered the money.

The situation appears to be that Browder’s $230 million in taxes was received by the Russian government, who then denied that he had paid them. The Kremlin proceeded to launder the money to legitimize it/make it usable, and one of the parties through whom the money was laundered was Prevezon Holdings. Another interpretation is that Browder had never actually paid the taxes, but had instead used one of his many overseas tax shelters to hide the money.

In the New York case, Prevezon settled out of court for $5.9 million without admitting guilt, leading one to believe that the first interpretation above is closer to the truth.

During Fusion’s research for the Prevezon case, information about Browder’s financial dealings raised questions in the mind of Fusion founder Glenn Simpson, and Browder was notably difficult to obtain testimony from: he ran when attempts were made to serve him with a subpoena to testify. This bizarre response would seem to indicate guilt on the part of the man who had tipped off the DOJ about Prevezon, until one realizes that Browder had very good reason to believe that Putin had put a price on his head: under such circumstances, running in response to two strange men approaching him in a parking lot seems entirely appropriate and reasonable. Assassination attempts had been made on prominent Magnitsky Act advocates as well as on Browder’s own mother.

Russian lawyer Veselnitskaya apparently believed that some of Fusion’s information about Browder and his associates could be useful as a stepping stone to improving her own standing in Russia. The information on Browder could be used in the U.S. to raise questions about the legitimacy of the Magnitsky Act’s founder, and possibly result in the repeal of the Act, which would bring Veselnitskaya into high esteem with the Kremlin.

Seeing this opportunity, Veselnitskaya reported the information to Russia’s Prosecutor General, Yuri Chaika, in October of 2015. On February 18, 2016, Veselnitskaya registered what appears to be a fake NGO, the Human Rights Accountability Global Initiative Foundation (HRAGI), for the purpose of lobbying the U.S. Congress “on behalf of Russian orphans.”

On June 9, 2016, the  now infamous “Trump Tower meeting” took place. Veselnitskaya and an interpreter, along with a couple of other Russians, met with Donald Trump Jr., Paul Manafort and Jared Kushner at Trump Tower to provide dirt on Hillary Clinton and to discuss “Russian adoptions.” The “dirt” on Hillary Clinton that Veselnitskaya appears to have offered was that the New York billionaire Ziff brothers – who were major Democratic donors – had invested with Browder. If the Ziff brothers had donated to the Clinton Campaign, Veselnitskaya reasoned, their donations would be tainted and possibly illegal because Browder had cheated the Russian government out of $230 million in taxes.

The part of this whole narrative that again seems highly coincidental is the relationship between Veselnitskaya and Fusion GPS. Veselnitskaya appears to have had only a handful of direct interactions with Fusion’s Glenn Simpson: most of the communication seems to have been indirectly through Baker Hostetler. But on the morning of June 9, 2016 – right before the Trump Tower meeting – Veselnitskaya and Simpson were in court together for a hearing related to the Prevezon case.

Simpson testified that Veselnitskaya’s English is very limited, as is his Russian, so they did little more than exchange pleasantries.

Simpson also testified that on June 10, 2016 – the day after the Trump Tower meeting – he had attended a Washington DC dinner held by Baker Hostetler attorney Mark Cymrot for people working on the Prevezon case. Again, Veselnitskaya was in attendance, but according to Simpson, she was sitting at the other end of the table from him and his wife.

In his testimonies before the House Intelligence Committee and the Senate Judicial Committee, Glenn Simpson comes across as straightforward, extremely forthcoming, and highly credible. Yet the fact that he – the man who was paid by the Clinton Campaign’s law firm to investigate Donald Trump – also happened to know Natalia Veselnitskaya , and was even physically in the same room with her hours before the Trump Tower meeting (where she presented information gathered by Fusion GPS for the Prevezon case) and was again in the same room with her the evening afterward seems staggeringly coincidental.

We on the left can be blindly partisan and simply accept all that we are being told about Trump-Russia. After all, a wealth of evidence points to the possibility that Trump knowingly or unknowingly helped Russian oligarchs and mafia figures launder money via his real estate empire for decades – a felony – and that Vladimir Putin is holding knowledge of this activity over Trump’s head. A U.S. President being blackmailed in such a manner by a hostile foreign power is a profound danger to the security of our nation.

However, when we come across inconsistencies and bizarre coincidences like the Bruce and Nellie Ohr issue or the Veselnitskaya/Fusion GPS issue, we also owe it to ourselves, if we have any genuine loyalty to the truth, to stop and take a serious look. What could explain these connections? Are we really just seeing shocking coincidences, or something more?

The most reasonable explanations that I can find are as follows:

Bruce and Nellie Ohr:

  • Nellie Ohr was hired by Fusion to comb through Russian newspapers and other public record Russian documents for information about Trump because she was fluent in Russian.
  • Nellie Ohr did not know of Christopher Steele’s involvement with Fusion, nor did Steele know of hers,  because it was Simpson’s practice not to let his employees know who Fusion’s contractors were (and vice versa) unless absolutely necessary. This was done to avoid tainting information gathered from different sources. If two sources found differing information on a particular point, that could be helpful to narrow in on that point as a place where more questions needed to be asked to get an accurate picture.
  • Nellie Ohr did not tell her husband Bruce what she was working on for Fusion because she was under a confidentiality agreement, and as a professional, she took that agreement seriously.
  • The information that Steele was uncovering was not shared with any Fusion employees other than Simpson. Nellie Ohr was unaware of the content (or possibly even the existence) of Steele’s memos. Therefore there was no reason for Nellie Ohr to feel the need to tell her husband about her work: the information that she was uncovering was far less dramatic.
  • Nellie Ohr never told Glenn Simpson that her husband was a Department of Justice official because it was not relevant to her job at Fusion, and because DOJ and other high level law enforcement officials generally do not like their identities to be widely known, for security reasons.
  • Still inexplicable:
    • The coincidence that Nellie Ohr’s husband happened to be Steele’s contact in the U.S. Department of Justice.
    • The coincidence that Bruce Ohr didn’t put two and two together to then ask his wife more about the research work that she was doing at Fusion.

 

Veselnitskaya/Fusion GPS:

  • Veselnitskaya probably had no idea that she would discover something about Putin’s public enemy #1, Wililiam Browder, when she was first hired by Prevezon Holdings: Prevezon was simply another legal case to her.
  • She engaged Baker Hostetler to help with the case because of her poor English, likely unfamiliarity with the intricacies of U.S. law, and the need for her client to have quality representation in a U.S. court.
  • Baker Hostetler hired Fusion to do investigative research for the Prevezon case, because money laundering cases are complicated and require a level of quality research that needed to be outsourced.
  • When Browder’s name turned up in Fusion’s research, Veselnitskaya recognized the name (Browder is famously vilified in Russia – there are even movies about him) and saw an opportunity for herself. From then on, for her the Prevezon case became partially a case for her client, but also a means to collect information that she could use to curry favor with the Kremlin.
  • Simpson was unaware of how Veselnitskaya was using his research.
  • Simpson was handling the case for Baker Hostetler in the same way that he would for any other client: doing research, analyzing it and passing it to his client, Baker Hostetler.
  • Veselnitskaya’s visa to enter the U.S. had been previously revoked, but she was able to get into the U.S. because she was the primary attorney for a case that was being tried in a U.S. court. That is why the Trump Tower meeting had to be scheduled for the same day that she was in court for the Prevezon case.
  • Simpson was in the same courtroom as her that day because, as a researcher for the Prevezon case, he had the greatest wealth of detailed knowledge to reinforce Prevezon’s position.
  • Veselnitskaya and Simpson were at the same Washington DC party the next evening because they had both been important parts of the Prevezon case.
  • While Fusion GPS has a central role in both the Trump Tower meeting and the Steele dossier, and there was even a brief overlap in the timeframes of the Prevezon project and the Trump project, there was no bleed-over between the two projects within Fusion GPS itself: Simpson kept all of Fusion’s projects separate to avoid information from one project contaminating another.
  • Still inexplicable:
    • The coincidence that the Trump Tower meeting involved people and information connected to the same tiny research firm that had later been hired by the Clinton Campaign’s law firm to investigate Donald Trump.

While it is sane and reasonable to dismiss the wild conspiracy theories coming out of the extreme right in their efforts to defend an indefensible President, it is also important to look at factual inconsistencies in the narrative that many Americans believe to be true. While the issue of Bruce and Nellie Ohr and the connection of Fusion GPS to Natalia Veselnitskaya can be explained, they require acceptance of an uncomfortable amount of coincidence.

– rob rünt

The Trump-Russia Web – Part 3: Who’s Who

The Trump-Russia Web – Part 3: Who’s Who

Who’s Who


NOTE: Names in red are most important to the narratives in this series.


Disclaimer: The information below was compiled from Simpson’s testimonies, the Steele dossier, and William Browder’s opening statement, and may or may not be accurate. Content that includes information that I add will be surrounded by [brackets] and/or will include a link or reference to the source.


Roman Abramovich
A Russian billionaire businessman and politician. Simpson recommended that the House Intelligence Committee look into Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump’s relationship with him. [He has admitted in court that part of his success was achieved by bribing government officials and paying gangsters. [Wikipedia]

Emin Agalarov
A Russian pop star who knows Donald Trump from the 2013 Miss Universe Pageant in Moscow. In Rob Goldstone’s June 3, 2016 e-mail to Trump Jr., Goldstone said that Emin had “something very interesting” for the Trump campaign. [NPR] The Agalarovs came to the United States around the fall of the Soviet Union, and Simpson says that the Agalarovs were connected to people previously involved in major money laundering activity in New York in the early 1990s.

Aras Agalarov
One of the wealthiest oligarchs in Russia. Father of Emin Agalarov. Aras and Emin met Donald Trump during 2013 Miss Universe Pageant in Moscow. [NPR] He is believed to have been given Veselnitskaya’s information by Yuri Chaika and then helped arrange the trump Tower meeting for Veselnitskaya. 

Rinat Akhmetshin
A former Russian intelligence officer, now a U.S. citizen – a PR consulting lobbyist – enlisted by Natalia Veselnitskaya to help in the campaign by Human Rights Accountability Global Initiative Foundation to repeal the Magnitsky Act. Simpson met him while working at the Wall Street Journal covering some stories about Kazakhstan.

Robert Arakelian
A man whom Simpson vaguely recalls from a Prevezon lunch or dinner, introduced as a friend of either Rinat Akhmetshin or Denis Katsyv, owner of Prevezon – Simpson could not recall which. Questions from the Senate Judiciary Committee imply that he was a lobbyist for HRAGI.

Tevfik Arif / Tofik Arifov
A Central Asian man alleged by Simpson to be involved in organized crime, child prostitution, and Donald Trump. Simpson says that he was involved in the development of Trump Soho.

Julian Assange
Founder of WikiLeaks, currently living in the Ecuadorian Embassy in the UK to avoid being extradited to Sweden to face sexual assault charges. WikiLeaks was the organization that made public incriminating e-mails from the DNC and the Clinton Campaign https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julian_Assange

Petr Aven
One of the three leaders of Alfa Bank. 

Demetri Baranovsky
A Russian organized crime figure (member of the Solntsevo Brotherhood) who was allegedly blackmailing Prevezon.

Elena Baranoff
An Uzbek immigrant who died of cancer in 2015. Simpson says that she was a suspected organized crime figure who took the Trumps on tours of Russia and brokered some of his deals.

Edward Baumgartner
A Russian-speaking subcontractor hired by Fusion GPS to work on the Prevezon case. He was tasked with helping to locate witnesses, gather Russian language documents and Russian language media reports. After the Prevezon case ended, he also did some work on the Trump case, gathering information from Russian language newspapers about Paul Manafort and Ukraine. Baumgartner has a consulting firm that deals with issues in Ukraine and sometimes Russia.

Paul Behrends
A Congressional aide to U.S. Representative Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA). Simpson says that Behrends met with either lobbyist Rinat Akhmetshin or attorney Mark Cymrot or both. [Politico] 

William Browder
An American-born hedge fund manager and investment advisor who surrendered his U.S. citizenship in 1998 and has since has lived mainly in Russia and the UK. He is the founder and CEO of Hermitage Capital Management. He relayed information to the U.S. Department of Justice against Prevezon in a money laundering case. Browder gave an absolutely riveting testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee on 7/26/17. [The Atlantic]

Evgeny Buryakov / Eugene Buryakov
A former employee of Russia’s Sberbank arrested as an illegal Russian intelligence agent. Simpson believes that Buryakov tried to recruit Trump campaign adviser Carter Page.

Lee Casey
An attorney and partner at Baker Hostetler’s Washington DC office. Together with Baker attorney David Rivkin Jr., he wrote an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal in October 2017 urging Trump to pardon anyone believed to be involved in Russian interference with the U.S. election. [Wall Street Journal]

Yuri Chaika
The Prosecutor General of Russia, one of that country’s most powerful government officials. The New York Times reported that Veselnitskaya discussed allegations against Hillary Clinton with him before trying to pass them on to the Trump team during the Trump Tower meeting. [New York Times]

Michael Cohen
An attorney for Donald Trump described by Simpson as “very intimidating.” One of his tasks was fielding inquiries about Trump and Russia. Simpson said that Cohen was also involved in Trump real estate projects where there were a lot of Russian buyers, and that he had associations with Russian organized crime figures in New York and Florida.

James Comey
Former FBI Director. He has served high level government roles under both Democratic and Republican Presidents. Controversially, less than two weeks before the 2016 election, he notified Congress that the FBI was re-opening its investigation into Hillary Clinton’s use of a private e-mail server, yet did not disclose that the FBI was also investigating the Trump Campaign’s connections with Russia. Some credit that unorthodox disclosure with undermining Clinton at the last minute and throwing the election to Trump. On May 9, 2017, President Trump fired Comey, prompting the appointment of a special prosecutor to determine is Trump’s act was an obstruction of justice. [Wikipedia]

Chris Cooper
A former Wall Street Journal reporter, now a public relations person working for the Potomac Group/Potomac Square Group, who was hired by Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya to create what Browder calls a “fake documentary” about Browder and Sergei Magnitsky. Simpson has been friends with Cooper for years and occasionally refers PR work to him.

 Mark Cymrot
A former Justice Department Prosecutor who now works at Baker Hostetler. He was the partner in charge of the Prevezon case, and the person to whom Fusion GPS reported for their work on that case.

Oleg Daripaska
A Russian oligarch who met with Presidential candidate John McCain before the 2008 Presidential election. Daripaska is banned from the U.S. due to suspected ties to organized crime.

Ronald Dellums
A former U.S. Congressman hired by Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya to lobby Congress to repeal the Magnitsky Act.

Igor Divyekin
A Russian spy who Steele says met with Carter Page in Russia to suggest that Russia’s extensive dossier of kompromat on Hillary Clinton could be made available to the Trump team.

Alexander Downer
Australian diplomat to the United Kingdom. In May of 2016, George Papadopoulos allegedly told him in a London bar that the Russians had dirt on Hillary Clinton. Downer informed the Australian government of the conversation, and when the Russian hacking began during the 2016 election, the Australian government informed the U.S. intelligence community of the conversation.

Marc Elias
An attorney at Perkins Coie who was involved in hiring Fusion GPS. Elias is an attorney for the DNC and Clinton Campaign.

Nigel Farage
A broadcaster, politician, and leader of the nationalist UK Independence Party from 2006-2009 and from 2010-2016. [Wikipedia]

Michael Flynn
A retired U.S. Army Lieutenant General who worked on the Trump Campaign and served as National Security Adviser in the early days of the Trump Administration. Flynn has pled guilty to lying to the FBI, and is currently a cooperating witness in Robert Mueller’s investigation. [Wikipedia]

Mikhail Fridman
One of the three leaders of Alfa Bank.

Peter Fritsch
Simpson’s business partner at Fusion GPS. Fritsch had the conversations with Perkins Cole about possibly doing Trump research for them.

Boris Goldstein
A west coast man who Simpson says is known to have ties to Russian intelligence.

Rob Goldstone
A former British tabloid journalist who became a marketer/promoter. Goldstone has known Trump for years, and worked on the Miss Universe Pageant in Moscow. One of Goldstone’s clients is Emin Agalarov. At Emin’s suggestion, Goldstone contacted Trump Jr. about meeting with Russian lawyer Veselnitskaya, and attended the Trump Tower meeting. [Washington Post]

Nikolai Gorokhov
A Russian attorney who has been supportive of the Magnitsky Act. In early 2017, he survived being thrown from the fourth floor of his apartment building [NBC News]

Oleg Govorun
Russian official currently responsible for relations between Russia and other former Soviet countries. In the 1990s, he worked for Alfa Bank, and was responsible for transporting large amounts of illicit cash to Putin when Putin was Mayor of St. Petersburg.

French Hill
A U.S. Representative (R-AR) who has taken pro-Russia positions and who was given the same information that Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya brought to Trump Tower.

Sergei Ivanov
A Russian Deputy Prime Minister and former KGB agent with whom Putin has been friends with since the 1990s, when Putin appointed him deputy head of the FSB. [Wikipedia] Simpson discovered that Ivanov heads an internal intelligence agency for the Kremlin which “sits atop” several other intelligence agencies including the FSB, GRU and SVR. Ivanov was fired by Putin as Chief of Staff on August 12, 2016 for giving incorrect/overly optimistic advice about the potential blowback from Russia’s interference in the U.S. election, according to the Steele dossier.

Vladimir Kara-Murza
A pro-democracy politician in Russia. He has been supportive of the Magnitsky Act. In December 2016, be barely survived being poisoned. [Wikipedia]

Denis Katsyv
Russian owner of Cyprus-based Prevezon Holdings.

Pyotr Katsyv
The transportation minister for Moscow at the time of the Prevezon case. Now deputy head of the state railroad company. Pyotr is father of Denis Katsyv.

Irakle Kaveladze
A man with ties to the Russian government who Simpson says was has been involved in money laundering and was in the meeting at Trump Tower representing the Agalarovs. [Business Insider]

German Khan
One of the three leaders of Alfa Bank.

Mikhail Khodorkovsky
A Russian oligarch, Russia’s richest man in 2003, at which time Putin arrested him and staged a dramatic televised trial to make an example of him.

Sergei Kislyak
A Russian ambassador to the U.S. who has figured prominently in the Trump-Russia scandal. He was alleged on CNN to be a Russian spy and spy recruiter. had meetings with Trump advisor/then-U.S. Senator Jeff Sessions (R-AL), Michael Flynn and Jared Kushner – meetings which Sessions, Flynn and Kushner all initially denied or claimed not to recall. In May, 2017, Kislyak and Russian diplomat Sergei Lavrov met privately in the Oval Office with Trump. U.S. officials were alarmed when Trump disclosed classified information to them in the meeting. Kislyak returned to Moscow in July 2017. [Wikipedia]

Konstantin Kosachev
Head of Russian Foreign Relations Committee. Steele believes that he was important in communications between the Trump Campaign and Kremlin, and arranged a meeting in Prague between Kremlin representatives and Trump lawyer Michael Cohen during the 2016 Presidential campaign.

David Kramer
Long-time adviser to U.S. Senator John McCain. Simpson has known him for years, and they share a concern about Russian kleptocracy and police state.

Mikhail Kulagin
A Russian diplomat to the U.S. who Steele alleges was heavily involved in the Russian veterans’ pensions money laundering scheme.

Sergei Lavrov
A Russian diplomat. On May 10, 2017 – the day after Trump fired FBI Director James Comey – Lavrov and Russian diplomat Sergei Kislyak met privately in the Oval Office with President Trump. No American journalists were allowed into the room, but a Russia journalist was. [NPR]

Bennett LeBow
Head of Liggett-Ducat, a Moscow-based tobacco manufacturing and distribution company. [Bloomberg] A friend of Howard Lorber and Donald Trump. Simpson credits Lorber and LeBow with introducing Trump to Russia.

Ed Lieberman
A Washington DC lawyer who specializes in international tax issues. He helped Baker Hostetler on the Prevezon case to determine possible tax evasion by William Browder and Hermitage Capital. He had known Rinat Akhmetshin for many years, and now worked with him to lobby Congress to repeal the Magnitsky Act.

 Howard Lorber
A real estate investor who did a lot of deals in Russia when things were fairly wild after the fall of the Soviet Union. Trump considers him a good friend.

Sergei Magnitsky
An attorney that William Browder hired to investigate corruption in the Russian government and Russian business community. One of the companies that he exposed for money laundering was Prevezon Holdings. [Law.com] Magnitsky died in a Russian prison in 2009. To avenge his death, Browder lobbied Congress to successfully pass the Magnitsky Act in 2012.

Paul Manafort
Trump’s Presidential Campaign Chairman from June-August of 2016. Manafort is a lobbyist, lawyer, and political consultant and has helped on numerous other Republican Presidential campaigns. He has also done work for the pro-Russian Party of Regions in the Ukraine, and with ousted Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych (currently in exile if Russia and wanted by the Ukrainian government for high treason). Manafort is currently under indictment by federal grand jury for conspiracy against the United States, conspiracy to launder money, and failure to file financial information.

Viktor Markelov
A convicted murderer in whose name William Browder alleges that the Russian Interior Ministry had fraudulently re-registered Browder’s holding companies.

Alexander Mashkevich
Central Asian organized crime figure who has been involved in money laundering, the mining industry, and Kazakhstan. He is a financial backer of Felix Sater’s Bayrock. [Wikipedia]

Sergei Millian / Siarhei Kukuts
A Trump-linked Russian linguist who ran the Russian-American Chamber of Commerce. He claimed to be an exclusive agent for Trump in Russia who had sold hundreds of million of dollars in Trump properties to Russians. Simpson believed that Millian helped Trump get funding for Trump Hollywood be assuring investors that there were already a number of pre-sales to Russians. Millian was also linked to Trump’s lawyer, Michael Cohen.

Seymon Mogilevich
The head of the Solntsevo Brotherhood. According to Simpson, he is known for running very elaborate schemes, including a major stock fraud scheme in the U.S. for which he is currently a fugitive from the United States.

John Moscow
An attorney at Baker Hostetler’s New York office. He is an expert in tax evasion and money laundering, and Simpson knows him from his days at the Wall Street Journal. He helped Simpson review information in the Prevezon case.

Boris Nemtsov
Nemtsov was a partner of William Browder in advocating for the Magnitsky Act. He was murdered in 2015 on a bridge in front of the Kremlin.

Devin Nunes
A U.S. Representative (R-CA) who serves as Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee. He was also on the Trump transition team, and has taken numerous actions during Trump’s Presidency opposing investigation efforts into Trump-Russia, as well as releasing information that he claims makes the investigation efforts unnecessary or tainted. On February 3, 2017, Nunes released a memo, authored by his staff, that presented evidence which Nunes said would prove a plot within the FBI against President Trump. [Wikipedia]

Bruce Ohr
Prosecutor who contacted Fusion after the election to get information for the Department of Justice. Ohr is a friend of Steele. According to Fox News, Ohr’s wife Nellie worked on Trump-related research at Fusion during the summer of 2016. [Fox News]

Nellie Ohr
Wife of DOJ Prosecutor Bruce Ohr. According to Fox News, Ohr’s wife Nellie worked on Trump-related research at Fusion during the summer of 2016. [Fox News]

Carter Page
Trump campaign foreign policy adviser who regularly did business in Russia and had lost a lot of money in Russian investments. He owned stock in Gazprom. Simpson believed that the Russians were trying to compromise him. [Page first came to the attention of the FBI after meeting with a Russian spy who was under surveillance.] [Washington Post]

George Papadopoulos
A foreign policy adviser to Donald Trump during the 2016 Presidential campaign. In May of 2016, Papadopoulos was allegedly in a London bar and told Australian diplomat Alexander Downer that the Russians had dirt on Hillary Clinton. On October 5, 2017 Papadopoulos pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI. [Wikipedia]

Dmitry Peskov
Chief spokesman for the Kremlin, believed by Steele to be in control of a dossier of kompromat on Hillary Clinton, and also to have been the coordinator of the DNC hacking.

John Podesta
Campaign Manager for 2016 Clinton Presidential Campaign. Simpson had known Podesta for decades, but states that he did not communicate with him in 2015 or 2016. WikiLeaks released a number of Podesta’s hacked e-mails during the 2016 campaign. Those e-mails eventually became part of a right wing conspiracy theory known as “Pizzagate.” [Snopes]

David Rivkin Jr.
An attorney and partner at Baker Hostetler’s Washington DC office. Together with BH attorney Lee Casey, he wrote an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal in October 2017 urging Trump to pardon anyone believed to be involved in Russian interference with the U.S. election. [Wall Street Journal]

Dana Rohrabacher
A strongly pro-Russia and pro-Putin U.S. Representative (R-CA). On April 2, 2016, during a Congressional trip to Moscow, Russia lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya gave him a document with talking points similar to those that she brought to Trump Tower two months later. [Wikipedia]

Sergei Roldugin
Vladimir Putin’s closest childhood friend, according to William Browder. Roldugin is a famous cellist who Browder alleges received a large sum of money as an agent for Putin, including $230 million that Browder was accused of not paying in taxes.

Rod Rosenstein
Deputy Attorney General appointed by Trump. Rosenstein serves as acting Attorney General on the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 Presidential election, because Attorney General Jeff Sessions has recused himself from all matters related to that issue. Rosenstein appointed and oversees Special Prosecutor Robert Mueller.

Wilbur Ross
Former Vice Chariman of the Bank of Cyprus, named in 2017 Trump’s Secretary of Commerce. Cyprus has been known as a country whose banking system is used by wealthy Russians for laundering of illicit money. Ross connected Trump with Russian billionaire Dmitry Rybolovlev to buy a Palm Beach mansion at over twice what Trump had paid for it two years earlier. [A New York Times article from March of 2017 portrays Ross as a “savior” who helped purge the Bank of Cyprus of Russian influence.] [New York Times]

Dmitry Rybolovlev
A wealthy Russian oligarch who purchased a south Florida mansion from Trump in 2008 for around $95 million at a time when the U.S. real estate market was in decline. Trump had purchased it two years earlier for around $40 million. Rybolovlev, who was at one time the largest shareholder in the Bank of Cyprus, was introduced to Trump by billionaire Wilbur Ross, who eventually became Vice Chair of Bank of Cyprus – a position that he held until Trump appointed. [MSNBC] Rybolovlev’s plane or yacht showed up near locations where Trump was several times during the 2016 campaign. According to the New York Times, Rybolovlev has had an adversarial relationship with the Kremlin. [New York Times] However, Simpson states that many Russian oligarchs who have a presence in the U.S. still appear to be working to benefit the Kremlin, and “they like to have an image as someone who is on the outs with the Kremlin, but when you look closely, they’re not.”

Anatoli Samochornov
A Russian translator from New York who was qualified to do legal translation and worked for Baker Hostetler on the Prevezon case. Simpson did not believe that Samochornov knew Natalia Veselnitskaya prior to the Prevezon case. Samochornov was at the Trump Tower meeting.

Felix Sater
A U.S. man with connections to the Solntsevo Brotherhood, the largest organized crime family in Russia. Sater was convicted in 1998 of a $40 million federal racketeering charge [Miami Herald]. Sater has worked with Donald Trump on various real estate projects over the years, but Trump claims to know Sater only peripherally and would not even recognize him. Sater’s company, Bayrock, was located in Trump Tower, was the developer of Trump Soho, and tried in 2016 to make a Trump Tower Moscow happen. [Raw Story]

Howard Schweitzer
An employee of lobbying firm Cozzen O’Connor Public Strategies, hired to lobby Congress to repeal the Magnitsky Act. Schweitzer arranged and funded a June 13, 2016 screening at the Newseum, a Washington DC museum dedicated to the First Amendment, to present what Browder alleges is a fake documentary about Browder and Sergei Magnitsky. Simpson states that he does not know him.

Igor Sechin
A high-ranking Russian government official as well as Executive Chairman of Russian state oil company Rosneft. [Wikipedia] Simpson describes him as “Putin’s No. 1 compadre in the kleptocracy.”

Alex Shnaider
A Russian-born Canadian national who was a partner of Trump in developing Trump International Hotel and Tower in Toronto. Simpson says that Shnaider’s father-in-law, Boris Birshtein, was important in the history of the alliance between the KGB and the Russian mafia, and managed the KGB’s offshore funds after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Dimitri Simes
A Moscow-born man who emigrated to the U.S. in 1973. He was an informal foreign policy adviser on the Soviet Union to President Nixon, and has worked on numerous projects on U.S. relations with the Soviet Union and Russia. In 1994, Nixon appointed him President and CEO of Center for the National Interest, a think tank dedicated to encouraging “strategic realism” in U.S. foreign policy. [Center for the National Interest] Simpson says that Simes is believed to be a Russian agent, and encouraged the House Intelligence Committee to look into him and his think tank.

Glenn Simpson
Glenn Simpson is the founder of Fusion GPS, a research firm. He also has several other LLCs and holding companies. For much of his life prior to starting Fusion, Simpson was an investigative reporter for the Wall Street Journal. His primary interests as a reporter were “political corruption, financial crime, terrorism, tax evasion, stock fraud, financial scandals, congressional investigations, government prosecutions, money laundering, organized crime. During his time as a journalist, he exposed Chinese interference in the 1996 Presidential election of Bill Clinton. In his role at Fusion, Simpson headed the research project that led to his subcontractor, Christopher Steele, producing what has come to be known as the “Trump dossier.”

Paul Singer
A “benefactor” of the Washington Free Beacon, the conservative web site that initially hired Fusion to research Donald Trump. [Politico] Singer supported Marco Rubio in the Republican Presidential Primary. [New York Times]

Christopher Steele
Christopher Steele is a British citizen and was a subcontractor for Fusion GPS in their investigation of Donald Trump. His background was as a former member of MI6, the British equivalent of our CIA. In that role, he was the “lead Russianist” specialized in identifying Russian disinformation.

Roger Stone
A political consultant and lobbyist who is a friend of Donald Trump. He formed a lobbying firm – Black, Manafort, Stone – in 1980 with Paul Manafort. Later bringing on Peter Kelly, the firm became known as a powerful lobbying firm for U.S. companies and foreign organizations. Stone is known as a hardball political player and a promoter of conspiracy theories. [Wikipedia]

Alimzhan Tokhtakhounov
A man who Simpson says is a Russian gangster who was having his associates running a high stakes gambling ring out of Trump Tower. He was in the VIP section with Trump and other powerful Russians at the 2013 Miss Universe Pageant in Moscow.

Natalia Veselnitskaya
The Russian lawyer who met with Kushner, Trump Jr. and Manafort at Trump Tower. She is an attorney for Prevezon Holdings, lives in Moscow, and has been part of a campaign to repeal the Magnitsky Act. She is also the founder of an NGO called Human Rights Accountability Global Initiative Foundation, whose purpose is to restore the adoption of Russian orphans by Americans (see info for Magnitsky Act).
Veselnitskaya interacted with Simpson on the Prevezon project, mainly during encounters in the courtroom and group dinners put together by Baker Hostetler, including a dinner the night before the meeting at Trump Tower. Simpson stated that they didn’t communicate much beyond cordial hellos, because he does not understand Russian, which according to him is all that she speaks. At the dinner before Trump Tower, Simpson said that he was sitting at the opposite end of the table from her.

Debbie Wasserman Schultz
A U.S. Representative (D-FL) who also served as Chair of the DNC until the day before the Democratic National Convention, when she resigned in disgrace over Wikipedia’s release of hacked e-mails indicating that she was involved in efforts to undermine the Presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders in favor of Hillary Clinton. [Wikipedia]

Lanny Wiles
A well-connected Republican consultant and lobbyist.

Sir Andrew Wood
Simpson does not know him. A former British ambassador to Russia(1995-2000) who informed Senator John McCain of the Steele dossier a few weeks after the 2016 Presidential election.

Viktor Yanukovych
The President of Ukraine from 2010-2014. He was pro-Russian, was ousted from power during the Ukrainian revolution, and is now in exile in Russia. He is wanted by the Ukrainian government for high treason.

Ziff Brothers
Major donors to the Democratic Party. Veselnitskaya’s “dirt on Hillary Clinton” was that the Ziff brothers had illegally invested with William Browder without paying taxes in Russia, which therefore made any possible donations from them to Clinton tainted.


 

Read more of this special series:
The Trump-Russia Web